Promoting preservice teachers’ psychological and pedagogical competencies for online learning and teaching: The T. E. A. C. H. program
Ho, H. C. Y., Poon, K. T., Chan, K. K. S., Cheung, S. K., Datu, J. A. D., & Tse, A. C. Y. (2023). Promoting preservice teachers’ psychological and pedagogical competencies for online learning and teaching: The T. E. A. C. H. program. Computers & Education, 195, 104725. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2023.104725
2021 Impact Factor 11.182 | 5-year Impact Factor 11.736
2021 JCR Rank 2/270, Q1 in Education & Educational Research
During the widespread COVID-19 pandemic, face-to-face teaching was not viable because many schools were forced to close as a preventive measure. Educators abruptly shifted to online classes without sufficient time and resources to prepare for such an enormous transition. Although shifting from traditional face-to-face format to modern e-learning approach ensured that students could be educated outside of the classroom, its impact on the quality of learning and teaching (L&T) can be mixed. This study aims to address the knowledge gap in conventional teacher training by developing a web-based program called T.E.A.C.H. to enhance preservice teachers' psychological and pedagogical competencies for conducting online L&T. The program consisted of five modules, each focused on one dimension of psychological competence (creativity, curiosity, love of learning, judgment, and perspective) and applied to the ‘three foci’ for online L&T (attendance and participation, engagement, and assessment). Adopting a quasi-experimental design with matched sampling, a total of 314 preservice teachers were allocated into the intervention or control group. The intervention group was given access to the web-based program to receive training materials, learn about the content, and take part in the online L&T exercises. Program effectiveness was evaluated using pretest and posttest questionnaires, a teaching design task, short quizzes, and a program quality assessment. The results showed that the T.E.A.C.H. program was effective in promoting preservice teachers' psychological competencies, positive attitudes toward online L&T, self-efficacy to teach in an online format, intentions to use technology for L&T, and online pedagogical skills. The successful implementation of T.E.A.C.H. encourages school leaders, teachers, and teacher professional development providers to utilize this web-based program to enhance online teaching practices.