Putting oneself in someone’s shoes: The effect of observing ostracism on physical pain, social pain, negative emotion, and self-regulation
Poon, K. T., Jiang, Y., & Teng, F. (2020). Putting oneself in someone’s shoes: The effect of observing ostracism on physical pain, social pain, negative emotion, and self-regulation. Personality and Individual Differences, 166, 110217. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2020.110217
2020 Impact Factor 3.004 | 5-year Impact Factor 3.638
2020 JCR Rank 29/65, Q2 in Psychology, Social | 2020 SJR Rank 41/263, Q1 in Psychology - Miscellaneous
The current research examined the hypothesis that observing another person experiencing ostracism would increase physical pain, social pain, and negative emotion, as well as impair self-regulation through increased perception of rejection. It further examined whether individual differences in rejection sensitivity would moderate the mediation effects. The results showed that compared with participants who observed a control interaction, those who observed a stranger experiencing ostracism perceived higher levels of rejection likelihood, experienced higher levels of physical and social pain, reported higher levels of negative emotion, and had lower levels of self-regulation. In addition, perceived rejection likelihood significantly mediated the effects of observing ostracism on physical pain, social pain, negative emotion, and self-regulation. Furthermore, dispositional rejection sensitivity moderated these mediation effects, such that the effects were only observed among participants with high rejection sensitivity. In sum, these findings advance our understanding of how ostracism influences observers' cognition, physiological and psychological experience, and self-regulation. They also highlight the importance of the combinative role of dispositional characteristics and situational experiences in understanding people's responses in social interactions.